Agency, Distribution & Franchise

We advise numerous clients on all types of commercial transactions, particularly all aspects related to agency, distribution and franchise.  We have experience and know-how on the applicable laws and practice in the jurisdictions where we assist clients and advise on all aspects from market-entry to termination. 


We have long-standing expertise in the representation of clients from various industrial sectors in arbitration proceedings through all stages, including strategic analysis, alternative dispute resolution and mediation, and representing clients from the start to finish of major disputes.  Case management of complex, cross-border disputes is a major element of our services.


We assist broadcasting organizations, network operators and media investors in all strategic and operational aspects involving legal issues. In the case of media transactions, investors often gain access to the German media market on a long-term basis once they have obtained advice on regulatory questions. Our firm has handled many applications for frequency allocation by tendering for radio stations, including the successful licensing and startup of broadcasting. Our attorneys also provide the necessary advice on cooperation with other parties in programming and in marketing measures.

Commercial Transactions

We advise numerous clients on all types of commercial transactions, including technology licensing, protection of confidentiality and data, guarantees and indemnities, equipment leasing, and many other transactions carried out in the course of business. 

Corporate Law & Business Establishment

We provide support and advice on the full range of corporate and commercial matters, including establishment of onshore and offshore companies, as well as free zone establishments, general advice to corporations, shareholders, directors, corporate governance issues and general assemblies, restructuring and privatization.

Intellectual Property

We offer comprehensive advice on all aspects of copyright and trademark law, particularly the creation, exploitation, protection and enforcement of related intellectual property rights. We provide licensors and licensees with advice on all forms of international licensing of intellectual property rights, particularly on merchandising, branding and franchising agreements. We represent many important market players in the consumer goods field. We also provide advice on the structuring and drafting of agreements for cooperation, research and development and technology transfer.

IT & Data Protection

We advise clients on all IT related legal issues.  We advise clients on general corporate group and HR policies, whistle-blowing, use of personal data, and cross-border data transfers. We regularly act as data protection officer for our clients. In the Middle East, the specific problem of inconsistent regulation of data protection must be taken in to consideration.

Insolvency & Bankruptcy

We have represented a number of clients that are creditors in some of the most complex insolvencies and bankruptcies that have unfolded in the region.  Our assistance covers negotiation with insolvent parties, bankrupt estates, liquidators, and other creditors, and representation in front of local courts for formal bankruptcy proceedings. 

Labour and Employment

Every business must deal with employment and labour and our client support covers all aspects of entering, managing, and terminating employment relations.  We provide counseling on the creation and preservation of healthy and safe work environments, the drafting of contracts and work rules, and all aspect of dispute resolution including internal investigations, labour litigation, settlement of claims, protection of confidential information, and enforcement of non-compete obligations.


We directly represent clients in many jurisdictions in which we operate and also manage local advocates and cross-border complex litigation for many clients in local courts across the regions where we operate.  We also prosecute and defend claims before the Dubai International Financial Centre courts.

M&A / Joint Ventures

We have extensive experience in all aspects of mergers and acquisition, divestitures, split-ups, spin-offs and asset deals.  We have advised on the establishment of many joint ventures in nearly all Arab countries, and our services include shareholders’ agreements, due diligence, shareholder dispute resolution, and related contractual structures.


In media law, national and international issues as well as business law and taxation issues are closely intertwined. In this area, we advise on national and international TV, film, music, theatre and multimedia projects. This includes the entire circle from concept to production to exploitation of the works created, as well as, related financing issues. In this respect, we also advise clients on copyright issues with performing rights societies and third party users, support artists on all legal aspects of their professional agreements and provide advice in relation to all types of events (e.g. concerts and tours). 

Public International Law

We act for international organizations, NGOs private enterprises, development organizations and governments on issues of public international law. We have advised on issues such as investment protection, natural resources, transitional government and state failure. In addition, we frequently advice NGOs on regulatory issues and assist in the setting up of international institutions.

Project Development & Project Finance

We provide professional advice at every stage of project development for major infrastructure and utility services.  Our work covers the entire lifespan of the project, from conception and planning, tendering and risk analysis, working towards financial close, and all aspects in performing and closing the project.  Our work covers projects in all sectors including power, oil and gas, water, wastewater, telecommunications, and transportation. Our clients include governments, sponsors and contractors, and we regularly work as local counsel for international law firms.

Regulatory Compliance

Regulatory compliance in the Middle East is challenging, with a gap between written rules and actual practice, a body of opaque or unpublished requirements, and a high degree of free discretion exercised by the regulators and public authorities.  Our firm advises clients of existing law, tempered by an understanding of actual practice, to provide a real analysis of what is required for proper compliance and the actual risks involved with non-compliance.   We also assist local businesses understand contractual requirements to comply with U.S. FCPA and the U.K. Bribery Act compliance as required by multinational counterparts. 


Corporate income taxation and value-added tax are areas of growing importance and interest for businesses operating in the Middle East.  We advise clients on strategic planning and structuring with a view to creating tax-efficient operations.

Countries / Regions


Our office in Egypt has been established for almost twenty years and offers a full service practice of law.  We represent leading multinationals, the largest local private businesses, international banks and government agencies on all areas of business law. 


With our offices in Munich and Berlin, we are a full-service practice in the areas of commercial law, corporate law, intellectual property, litigation, and media. 


Through our three offices in Baghdad, Basra and Erbil, our firm is widely recognized as one of the leading Iraq practices. We offer full service business law support to our national and international clients active in Iraq. Since 2003 we have been particularly active in Iraq’s oil & gas sector and regularly advice IOCs and oil service companies on the ongoing matters involved with their operations in the country. Our practice is further distinguished by an unmatched experience in finance transactions for large scale infrastructure and energy projects.


Through our relationships with local counsel and decades of experience, we advise a broad range of multinationals on their business in Kuwait.


Our Libya practice is a leading practice that was set up in 2012. The office has a particular focus on advising international companies on infrastructure projects (power stations, roads) and transactions in the oil and gas industry such as with the Libyan National Oil Company (NOC). We frequently advice on public sector contracts and advise international companies advising them on their distribution and supply agreements with Libya parties, the setting up of branches and joint ventures, as well as employment, compliance and tax matters.


Through our relationships with local counsel and decades of experience, we advise a broad range of multinationals on their business in Oman.


Through our relationships with local counsel and decades of experience, we advise a broad range of multinationals on their business in Qatar.

Saudi Arabia

From our offices in Dubai and Cairo we represent a broad range of regional and multinational clients on business in all regions of Saudi Arabia, from the western city of Jeddah to the capital of Riyadh to the oil-producing Eastern Province.

Sub-Saharan Africa

Through our relationships with local counsel we assist a number of multinational clients on legal matters in many Sub-Saharan Africa jurisdictions including South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Ghana, and beyond. 


We are a full service business legal consultancy in the UAE with our offices in Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah, and the UAE serves as our hub for our practice across the Gulf. 


We have years of experience advising clients on business law matters in Yemen, from before the Arab Spring through to the navigating the legal and business environment during the current ongoing political and security situation. 



We represent many of the world's largest automotive manufacturers on all legal aspects of their business in the Middle East, including distribution channels, dealer relationships, regulatory matters, recalls and consumer protection matters, and all other related legal matters.  Our clients also include manufacturers of related parts, batteries and tires. 

Banking & Finance

We act for lenders, borrowers, issuers, underwriters, sponsors and venture capital firms in all sectors on a wide range of financing, including acquisition and project finance, financial restructuring, derivatives and financial products, syndicated loans, conventional banking business, and the Islamic banking business issues.  We also advise international banks and financial companies on regional regulatory matters and approvals required to operate and comply with central bank requirements or financial service regulators.


We offer legal advice on all matters related to the successful planning and implementation of international engineering and construction projects, including contract drafting and risk analysis and allocation, project structure, contractual framework and tax related aspects, social insurance for major construction projects concessions, licenses, government regulations and permits.

Healthcare & Medical

We advise healthcare service providers, pharmaceutical companies, and other medical businesses on commercial, corporate and regulatory matters across the Middle East and North Africa. 

Hospitality & Leisure

Our clients include hotel and resort owners, operators and managers, for which we assist on commercial and regulatory matters involved in the hospitality industry. 

Industry & Manufacturing

We represent countless industrial companies and manufacturers on their business.  This primarily includes sales through local agents and distributors, but also includes the establishment of service centers and manufacturing hubs.

Logistics & Shipping

We represent a number of logistics companies and shipping companies on their business in challenging jurisdictions. 

Media & Technology

We provide comprehensive advice on all aspects of intellectual property, copyright and media law. In these fields of increasing legal importance, the firm supports clients from various fields of business, including broadcasting, entertainment, film, publishing, event-marketing, advertising, the Internet, e-commerce, software, merchandising, trade with licenses and telecommunications. We also advise on the protection of intellectual property, conduct anti-piracy campaigns and IP litigation, and competition law. We work with experienced patent attorneys in the areas of patent law and utility model law.

Oil & Gas

We represent clients in all steps of the oil and gas value chain, from upstream investment and servicing, to midstream transport and reforming, and downstream refining and distribution. 


We have extensive experience in advising on power projects across the MENA Region and represent project sponsors, suppliers, financing parties, as well as engineering firms and consultants. A particular focus are IPPs as well as projects in the renewable energy sector.

Retail & Consumer Goods

As part of our agency and distribution practice, we advise retailers and consumer-facing businesses on leasing contracts, negotiating competitive terms with landlords and mall operators, regulatory matters such as product registration and consumer protection, and all sorts of commercial contracts.